Yin and yang and the hindu connection
India and china are the world’s oldest, and continuing civilizations. At one time, both countries accounted for nearly two-thirds of the world economy. They are again on the rise and may likely play a significant role on the world stage in the near future. India is already the world’s third largest economy and continuing to grow while china is the second largest and by some accounts already the largest. According to estimates, both countries may overtake the usa in the next decade as the world’s largest economies. In the ancient world, china excelled in physical crafts and down to earth philosophies while india excelled in matters of heart and soul. There was a continuous flow of information between the two and both shared some common history religious ideas beliefs and practices. Since the earliest times many ideas and practices from india found their way into china. Prominent among them were Buddhism the martial art kalaripayattu which formed the basis of kung fu, and the indian meditative practice of dhyana, which formed the basis of zen. There were trade relations between india and china for long both by the land and sea. Tibet Burma Thailand and the far east were the connecting links between the two. Even today they represent their composite culture. Buddhist monks travelled from china to india to study in the indian monasteries and educational institutions, and collect Buddhist texts while indian teachers like Bodhi dharma went to china to propagate Buddhism. While most of what we have discussed so far is in public consciousness and known to many it appears that the scholars seem to have either missed or ignored the possible indian origins of the yin and yang, which is an important concept in Chinese philosophy about the two fundamental polarities that exist in creation as the positive and negative or the male and female principles. Wikipedia quotes from the Chinese English dictionary the following definition of yin and yang.
- Yin- negative/passive/female principle in nature.
- Yang- positive/active/male principle in nature.